Ubuntu 11.04 unity快捷键记录

Launcher (启动器) 

  • Super (按住)- 调用启动器。
  • Super1 或 2 或 3 直至 0 – 打开或聚焦到应用程序。
  • SuperT – 打开垃圾箱。
  • AltF1 – 把键盘聚焦在启动器上.
  • AltF2 – 以“特殊模式”调用托盘,用来运行命令。
  • CtrlAltT – 启动终端窗口。

Dash (托盘)

  • Super (敲击) – 敲击打开托盘。
  • SuperA – 打开应用程序托盘。
  • SuperF – 打开文件及文件夹托盘。

Panel (面板)

  • F10 – 打开面板上的第一个菜单。

Window Management (窗口管理)

  • Super-? – 扩展模式,缩小所有窗口到所有工作区。
  • Super-? – 扩展模式,缩小所有窗口到当前工作区。
  • SuperD -最小化所有窗口; 再次使用该快捷键的话恢复所有窗口。

Window Placement (窗口放置) 假如你反复点击某个组合键,Unity 会循环改变窗口宽度,例如  Ctrl-Alt-numpad 5 5 5:

  • CtrlAltNumpad 7 – 放置窗口到屏幕左上角。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 8 – 放置窗口到屏幕上半部分。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 9 – 放置窗口到屏幕右上角。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 4 – 放置窗口到屏幕左侧。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 5 – 在屏幕中间位置居中/最大化窗口。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 6 – 放置窗口到屏幕右侧。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 1 – 放置窗口到屏幕左下角。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 2 – 放置窗口到屏幕下半部分。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 3 – 放置窗口到屏幕右下角。
  • CtrlAltNumpad 0 – 最大化窗口。

Workspace Management (工作区管理)

  • SuperW – 平铺模式列出所有窗口
  • Super-S – 浏览模式,缩小所有工作区,让你管理窗口。
  • CtrlAlt – 切换工作区。
  • CtrlAltShift – 放置窗口到新工作区。

Mouse Tricks (鼠标技巧)

  • 最大化 – 拖动窗口到顶部面板就会最大化该窗口。
  • 最大化按钮上中击 – 垂直最大化窗口。
  • 最大化按钮上右击 – 水平最大化窗口。
  • 平铺 – 拖动窗口到左边/右边边缘,会自动在屏幕的一边平铺窗口。
  • 恢复 – 在顶部面板会把最大化的窗口的标题栏往下托会自动还原到原始大小。
  • 在应用程序的启动器图标上中击 – 如果之前已打开过此程序,此操作会为该程序再打开一个新的独立进程。
  • 在顶部面板上中击(不是菜单)- 把当前窗口放置到所有窗口的最后面。

Keyboard Shortcuts


  • Hold Super – Invoke the Launcher.
  • Hold Super, then 1 or 2 or 3 and so on until 0 – Open or focus an application. The number corresponds to the location of the icon on the launcher from top to bottom.
    • Adding Shift will open a new instance of the application if it’s already open.
    • Holding the key is also useful when you want to get to the Launcher but do not want to invoke the Dash.
  • SuperT – Open the rubbish bin/trash can.
  • AltF1 – Put keyboard focus on the Launcher, use arrow keys to navigate, Enter launches an application, Right arrow exposes the quicklists if an application has them.
  • CtrlAltT – Launch a terminal window.
  • SuperA – Open Applications place
  • SuperF – Open Files & Folders place


  • Tap Super – Opens the Dash
  • AltF2 – Invoke the Dash in a “special mode” to run a command. Typing in a Folder Name will find that folder in Nautilus, you can also use ~ as a shortcut in the field.
  • The Dash opens with focus on the search box to find applications and files. Using the arrow keys will navigate the results, use Enter to launch.


  • F10 – Open the first menu on the panel, use the arrows keys to “scrub” across the menus. (There is no shortcut for the session menu, so hitting F10 and left arrow is a quick way to get there)
    • Press Esc to close the menus without choosing anything.

Window Management

  • SuperW – Spread mode, zoom out on all windows in all workspaces.
  • SuperD – Minimize all windows; hitting it again restores them.

Window Placement

If you cycle through the same key Unity will cycle through different placement widths, so experiment by hitting the numkey multiple times, for example Ctrl-Alt-numpad 5 5 5:

  • CtrlAltNumpad 7 – Place window in top left corner of screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 8 – Place window in top half of screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 9 – Place window in top right corner of screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 4 – Place window on the left side of the screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 5 – Center/Maximize the window in the middle of the screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 6 – Place window on the right side of the screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 1 – Place window in the bottom left corner of the screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 2 – Place window in the bottom half of the screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 3 – Place window in the bottom right corner of the screen.
  • CtrlAltNumpad 0 – Maximize window.

Workspace Management

  • SuperS – Expo mode (for everything), zooms out on all the workspaces and lets you manage windows.
  • ShiftAlt – Expo mode for all windows in the current workspace only.
  • CtrlAlt / / / – Change to a new workspace.
  • CtrlAltShift / / / – Place window to a new workspace.
  • CtrlAltL – Lock the screen.


  • PrtScn – Take a screenshot of the current workspace
  • AltPrtScn – Take a screenshot of the current window

Mouse Tricks


  • Clicking and holding an icon and then dragging it around will allow you to reorder it on the launcher. You can also drag it off to the right of the launcher to move it around. Note that you need to make an explicit movement to the right to move the icon off the launcher before you can move it around.
  • Dragging and Dropping an icon into the trash can will remove it from the Launcher. The program itself will remain installed and accessible through the dash.
  • Scrolling the mouse wheel while over the Launcher scrolls the icons if you have too many and need to move around quickly.

Window Management

  • Maximizing – Dragging a window to the top panel will maximize it.
  • Restore – There are two ways to restore, or unmaximize, the topmost maximized window of the current monitor for this workspace (not using the window controls)
    • Double clicking on the top panel (but not in the application’s menu)
    • Dragging the top panel down.
  • Middle click on Maximize – Maximize Window Vertically.
  • Right click on Maximize – Maximize Window Horizontally
  • Focus the topmost maximized window of the current monitor for this workspace: Left click on the top panel (but not in the application’s menu)
  • Cycle between maximized windows of the current monitor for this workspace: Middle click on the top panel (but not in the application’s menu)
  • Tiling – Dragging a Window to the left/right border will auto tile it to that side of the screen.
  • Middle click on an application’s launcher icon – Open a new instance of the application in a new window. If the application isn’t running it will just open it normally.
  • Middle click on the top panel (but not the menu) – send the current window behind all other windows.

转载请注明,出自:[丁丁博客]Ubuntu 11.04 unity快捷键记录


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